. When the news arrived that Longwy had been taken by the invading armies (Prussia had allied itself with Austria in July) on August 25, 1792, and Jean-Marie Roland, minister of the interior, proposed that the government should move from Paris to Blois, Danton objected vigorously. ." At the same time he began to play the primary role in the conspiracy that led to the overthrow of the monarchy on Aug. 10, 1792. After obtaining his law degree in 1784 at Reims, he went to Paris to practice and in 1787 bought the office of advocate in the Conseil du Roi (council with legislative and judicial functions). Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Georges Danton was born on October 26, 1759, into an upper middle-class French family in Arcis-sur-Aube in north-eastern France. Updates? The break was irreparable. In many instances,…, Jacques René Hébert Né à Arcis-sur-Aube en 1759, Georges Jacques Danton est mort à Paris en 1794, Fils d’avocat, c’est très naturellement qu’il appréciait le droit. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Although Danton opposed this trial since it would make a negotiated peace impossible, he eventually voted in favor of execution of the King. The French statesman Georges Jacques Danton (1759-1794) was a leader during the French Revolution. Après avoir fait de médiocres études au petit séminaire de Troyes et chez les Oratoriens de Troyes, Danton est parti pour Fils d'un procureur d'Arcis-sur-Aube, en Champagne, Danton devient avocat en 1787 avant de se rallier avec passion au mouvement révolutionnaire. . Danton remained in the mainstream of the Revolution, not without often engaging in intrigue. Something of Mathiez's approach permeates Robert Christophe, Danton: A Biography (trans. Complicating matters was the fact that counter-revolutionary Frenchmen were working with Austria in the hopes of turning back the revolution. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. He was a member of the National Convention when he voted for the execution of King Louis XVI in January of 1793. He was involved in the fall of the Bastille on July 14, 1789, and was the most outspoken critic of the commune and the Marquis de Lafayette. Just as in the case of the August insurrection, the September massacre was not the act of one man but of the people of Paris. At the outbreak of the Revolution in July 1789, Danton enrolled in the garde bourgeoise (civic guard) of the Cordeliers district and was elected president of the district in October. Georges Jacques Danton, nado en Arcis-sur-Aube o 26 de outubro de 1759 e guillotinado en París o 5 de abril de 1794, foi un avogado e político francés que desempeñou un papel determinante durante a Revolución Francesa, cun talante rexeitado por diversos sectores. Informations générales. Edward Young, English poet (Love of Fame), dies at 81; 1732. Georges Jacques Danton was a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton was a member; resigning the ministry of justice, he took a foremost part in the deliberations and proceedings of the Convention, until his execution in April 1794. However, Aulard's The French Revolution: A Political History, 1789-1804 (1901; trans., 4 vols., 1910) clearly indicates his admiration for Danton as the greatest example of revolutionary spirit. There seems to be little doubt that he was implicated in financial corruption, but this appears more the result of thoughtlessness than a deliberate attempt to profit from the Revolution. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Georges Danton, in full Georges-Jacques Danton, (born October 26, 1759, Arcis-sur-Aube, France—died April 5, 1794, Paris), French Revolutionary leader and orator, often credited as the chief force in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic (September 21, 1792). During the national crisis in the spring of 1792 (war was declared on Austria on April 20), Danton resumed his role of tribune of the people. Danton and his followers were arrested and tried for antirevolutionary activity. Georges Danton was executed without due process (without proper witnesses for the defence) on 5 April 1794. Although elected administrator of the département of Paris in January 1791, he actually exercised no influence on that body. … Danton's massive stature, ready wit (which did much to overcome his physical ugliness), stentorious voice, and impromptu and fiery speeches made the public accept him as its champion of liberty. Danton had tendencies toward laziness and the dissolute life, which often blunted the force of his actions and made him appear capricious and unreliable to many of his contemporaries. Although absent from the trial, Danton had played a part in it since the autumn of 1792. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. A Parisian lawyer, he became a leader of the Cordeliersearly in the Revolution and gained popular favor through his powerful oratory. Encyclopedia of World Biography. less a radical than an energetic and undisciplined individualist whose personality and the force of circumstances enabled him to become a great popular leader. Robespierre. Georges-Jacques Danton (Arcis, Aube, 1759 - París, 1794) Político y revolucionario francés. He was educated by the Oratorians at Troyes and in 1785 earned a degree in law at the University of Reims. Georges-Jacques Danton naît le 26 octobre 1759 à Arcis-sur-Aube. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Unfortunately, none of these works is in translation. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. “I will no longer defend myself,” Danton cried. Marie Jean Herault de Sechelles, French author/politician, dies; 1794. After the defeat of Neerwinden (March 18, 1793), when Dumouriez went over to the Austrians, the Gironde accused Danton of complicity with the General. 1912-2006 (William Richard Philip George), George, Robert P. 1955- (Robert Peter George), Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier, Georgetown College: Narrative Description, Georgetown University: Narrative Description, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/georges-jacques-danton, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danton-georges-jacques. In this capacity he rallied the nation against the invading Prussians. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Georges-Danton, Heritage History - Biography of Georges Danton, Georges Danton - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Danton's massive stature, ready wit (which did much to overcome his physical ugliness), stentorious voice, and impromptu and fiery speeches made the public accept him as its champion of liberty. Probably the best biography is Hermann Wendel, Danton (1930; trans. Danton could not justify 200,000 livres of secret expenditures. It appears that he could have done little to prevent the September Massacres (1792), but his silent complicity in them deepened the split between himself and the Rolandists, which did much to force the trial of the King. ." He returned to Paris to take part in the elections to the Legislative Assembly as elector for the Théâtre Français section, and in December 1791 he was elected second assistant to the procureur (public prosecutor) of the Paris Commune. Unlike other notable revolutionaries, Danton did not participate in the Estates-General, however, in t… Elected a member of the provisional Paris Commune (city council) in January 1790, he was excluded from the council in its final form in September. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Boldly turning the tables, Danton made the same accusation against the Girondins. Quotations by Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary, Born October 26, 1759. During the repression following these events, Danton took refuge in London. Only when the plan miscarried did he vote for the death of the king. A biography of Georges-Jacques Danton, a leading French revolutionary—from his rural upbringing to his death five years after the storming of the Bastille. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). . "Georges Jacques Danton . In October Danton retired to his home in Arcis; he returned to Paris the following month at the insistence of his friends, who feared Robespierre's terrorist policies. Georges-Jacques Danton (26 d'ochobre de 1759, Arcis-sur-Aube - 5 d'abril de 1794, París) foi un abogáu y políticu francés que desempeñó un papel determinante mientres la Revolución francesa y que'l so talante contemporizador foi refugáu polos sectores en pugnaz rivalidá. 21 Dec. 2020 . 1921), and his vignette of Danton in Figures of the Revolution (1928; trans. He had become convinced, as had others, that as long as the monarchy continued to exist the Revolution would be endangered. During this period Danton delivered his famous speech to the National Convention, which stated that to protect the Revolution it was necessary for France to secure its natural boundaries, although this might mean a perpetuation of the war. At heart Danton appears to have been Hampson, Norman, Danton, Oxford, UK; New York, NY, USA:B. Blackwell, 1988, 1978. Although Danton believed that it was necessary to destroy internal dissent, his diplomatic policies continued to be moderate. His signature, however, does not appear on the famous petition of the Cordeliers demanding the abdication of Louis XVI that, on July 17, resulted in the massacre of some of the petitioners by the national guard. View the profiles of people named Danton Georges Jacques. Speaking before the Revolutionary Tribunal, Danton boasted that he had “been responsible for” the events of August 10; that insurrection, however, was not the result of the efforts of Danton or any other man but, rather, the collective act of obscure militants from all over the city. "Danton, Georges Jacques He passed away on 5 Apr 1794 in Paris,,,Ile-de-France,France. Georges-Jacques Danton : The country was embroiled in a foreign war. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/georges-jacques-danton, "Georges Jacques Danton Acting as a metaphor for revolutionary events unfolding in Poland in the early 1980s, this powerful historical drama from filmmaker Andrzej Wajda follows Georges Jacques Danton and Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre, allies in the French Revolution. Danton was a pragmatist who believed that the Revolution could only succeed if it limited its program to the possible, which meant upholding the rights of property, ending the war as quickly as possible by negotiation, and restoring order through a strong central government. Encyclopedia.com. Born near Troyes, Danton’s father was a local prosecutor but a generation further back his family had been peasants. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. His great supporter was Alphonse Aulard, who unfortunately never wrote a biography of his hero. Danton had tendencies toward la… Danton, Georges Jacqueszhōrzh zhäk däNtôN´ [key], 1759–94, French statesman, one of the leading figures of the French Revolution. He was employed in the office of public prosecutor in Paris and in 1787 purchased the office of advocate to the King's Council. Georges Danton is a French President of the Committee of Public Safety, Administrator of the Department of Paris, Member of the National Convention, who was born on 26 October, 1759 in Arcis-sur-Aube, France. Retrouvez toutes les phrases célèbres de Georges Jacques Danton parmi une sélection de + de 100 000 citations célèbres provenant d'ouvrages, d'interviews ou de discours. The increasingly radical demands of the Hébertists, however, were more frightening to Danton, and he lent his support to Georges Jacques Danton (Arcis-sur-Aube, 26 de outubro de 1759 — Paris, 5 de abril de 1794) foi um advogado e político francês que se tornou uma figura destacada nos estágios iniciais da Revolução Francesa. The French Revolutionary leader Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (1758-1794) was the spokesman for the policies of the dictatorial go…, February Revolution, 1848, French revolution that overthrew the monarchy of Louis Philippe and established the Second Republic. We are all of an ilk here. 1935), which provides an even and thoughtful approach. To silence him, the Convention decreed that a suspect on trial who insulted national justice be excluded from the debate. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Active figure in the Great French Revolution. 1929) offer a more moderate but still favorable interpretation in … Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. On the other side of the ledger are the works of Albert Mathiez, which condemn Danton as corrupt, vacillating in his diplomacy, insensitive to popular needs, and the tool of Orléans. This short period of nineteen months was practically the life of Danton, so far as the world is concerned with him. However, the date of retrieval is often important. By the mid-1780s, he was working as a defence lawyer in Reims, before buying a venal office and relocating to Paris in 1787. Setbacks in the Vandée and his attempted protection of the Girondists, even after their exclusion from the National Convention, resulted in Danton's not being reelected to the Committee on July 10, 1793. According to the Mémoires of Théodore, comte de Lameth, a former Revolutionary, Danton wanted to spare the king. He was a lawyer and a politician. Georges-Jacques Danton, French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34; 1794. 51 Born in Arcis-sur-Aube,10006,Aube,Champagne-Ardenne,France on 26 OCT 1759 to Jacques Danton and Jeanne Madeleine CAMUT. Freely express your outrage! Georges, Jacques Danton married ANTOINETTE GABRIELLE CHARPENTIER and had 3 children. During the crisis following Louis XVI’s attempt to leave the country in June, he became increasingly prominent in the Revolutionary movement. The son of a procurator, Danton was a lawyer by education. 1759 - 1794. Merci à Michel BLAS, Claudine PARDON, Mr FOREST et à tous mes correspondants du CGD et du CGA qui m'ont permis de retrouver mes racines dans le Nord, le Dauphiné et la Champagne. Pronunciation of Georges Jacques Danton with 1 audio pronunciation, 5 synonyms, 1 meaning, 3 translations and more for Georges Jacques Danton. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. ... né à Arcis-sur-Aube, le 26 octobre 1759, mort à Paris, le 5 avril 1794, il était le fils de « Jacques Danton procureur au bailliage d'Arcis et de Marie-Madeleine Camut. Georges Danton (1759 - 1794) Le sauveur de la Révolution. ." World Encyclopedia. ." It seems that, having failed, despite strenuous efforts, to gain the support of the Girondins, Danton plotted with General Charles-François du Périer Dumouriez to obtain the intervention of the English government by bribery. Paris ayant été divisé en soixante districts, Danton, électeur primaire pour les États généraux, reçoit la présidence du district de l'église des Cordeliers (1789), où il fréquente Camille Desmoulins et Marat. Danton has been the subject of a controversial literature. https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danton-georges-jacques, "Danton, Georges Jacques Georges Jacques DANTON 1759-1794: Auteur de cet arbre : Claude FORMA . Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/georges-jacques-danton. After attending school in Champagne, Danton was from 1773 educated by the Oratorians at Troyes. Georges Danton was a leading figure in the beginning of the French Revolution. He thus alienated the Commune, which began to look to Robespierre and more radical Jacobins for leadership. 5, 1794, in Paris. ." Enfin, l’aéroport le plus proche est Paris-le-bourget situé à 15,33 km du 22 Rue Georges Jacques Danton, 91260 Juvisy-sur-Orge. Danton was the son of Jacques Danton, an attorney, and his second wife, Marie-Madeleine Camus. Jacques René Hébert On June 18 he attacked the marquis de Lafayette, an adviser of the king and a general, for using his position to play politics. Il ne semble pas payer de sa personne lors de la prise de la Bastille, mais peu à peu son influence grandit. Yet he took no part in the demonstrations before the royal palace of the Tuileries on June 20. (December 21, 2020). Ici, vous avez la possibilité de vous déplacer en métro ou rer, la station Juvisy Rer est à une distance de 0,34 km du 22 Rue Georges Jacques Danton, 91260 Juvisy-sur-Orge. He immediately made every effort to end all the disputes between the Revolutionary parties, but his policy of conciliation was thwarted by the Gironde, which demanded that he render an accounting when he left his post as minister of justice. Encyclopedia.com. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Johann Christian Schieferdecker, composer, dies at 52; 1723 Liste des citations de Georges Jacques Danton classées par thématique. While Danton was delivering this speech, the prison massacres began for which the Girondins, the moderate wing of the Revolution, charged Danton with responsibility. Danton was a pragmatist who believed that the Revolution could only succeed if it limited its program to the possible, which meant upholding the rights of property, ending the war as quickly as possible by negotiation, and restoring order through a strong central government. Danton was subsequently named minister of justice and became the predominant member of the Executive Committee. He then married Antoinette Charpentier. Georges-Jacques Danton was the driving force behind it. His was a respectable and well-educated lawyer family in the region. In the spring of 1790, with some militants from his district, he founded the popular association that was to become famous as the Cordeliers Club. (December 21, 2020). Georges-Jacques Danton. Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary; 1765. Omissions? There is no proof, however, that the massacres were organized by him or by anyone else, though it is certain that he did nothing to stop them. A partir del estallido de la Revolución Francesa en 1789, este joven abogado se erigió como líder de las masas populares de París, con las que conectó gracias a su oratoria llana, su energía desbordante y … © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. ." Georges, Jacques Danton; Georges, Jacques Danton. World Encyclopedia. La meilleure citation de Georges Jacques Danton préférée des internautes. The new government had declared war against the powerful Austria and in the beginning it did not go well for France. Though not officially its president, Danton dominated his colleagues by his strength of character, the aura of his Revolutionary past, and his ability to make swift decisions. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/danton-georges-jacques. Sa laideur et sa vigueur, sa vénalité aussi, le font surnommer le « … Encyclopedia.com. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Born in Arcis-sur-Aube in Champagne on Oct. 26, 1759, Georges Jacques Danton was the son of a lawyer and minor court official. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. His facial scars and mild deformities were caused by animals that had attacked him in childhood. However, Aulard's The French Revolution: A Political History, 1789-1804 (1901; trans., 4 vols., 1910) clearly indicates his admiration for Danton as the greatest example of revolutionary spirit. However small a part he played in removing the king, he was elected minister of justice by the Legislative Assembly. 1967). Le père de Danton meurt alors qu’il a trois ans, il ne gardera aucun souvenir de lui. Join Facebook to connect with Danton Georges Jacques and others you may know. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. The French journalist and revolutionist Jacques René Hébert (1757-1794) published the journal "Le Père Duches…, The name Jacobin derives from the Jacobin convent situated near the National Assembly where the radical Breton deputies who had founded a political c…, rebellion, revolution Relatively rare but historically important events in which an entire social and political order is overturned, usually by viole…, Georges Cuvier Revolutionizes Paleontology, Georges Bank (Collapse of the Ground Fishery), George, W.R.P. Meanwhile, however, Danton shone at the Cordeliers Club and at another political association, the Jacobin Club, before both of which he frequently made speeches during 1791. Professor of the History of the French Revolution, University of Paris I. He emerged from this conflict embittered and with his political prestige diminished. Louis Madelin, Danton (1914; trans. Bienvenue dans la Généalogie des familles FORMA - BANTEGNIE. Sent on a mission to Belgium, Danton took no part in the opening of Louis XVI’s trial in the Convention. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. The very same fate befell Maximilien Robespierre on 28 July 1794, less than four months later, the only difference being that Danton was murdered by the … The leadership of the Revolution passed to Robespierre. Share with your friends. His dealings with Dumouriez, who commanded the army of Belgium, have never been clarified. On the morning of September 2, when it was learned that Verdun was besieged and while the populace broke into the prisons to search for suspects and traitors, Danton, in the Legislative Assembly, delivered the most famous of his speeches: “To conquer the enemies of the fatherland, we need daring, more daring, daring now and always, and France is saved!”. Enjoy the best Georges Jacques Danton Quotes at BrainyQuote. He spoke out against the distinction between active and passive citizens and thus became one of the first to espouse the modern conception of the legal equality of all citizens. . He was present, however, on January 15, 1793, and voted for death without reprieve. 1921), and his vignette of Danton in Figures of the Revolution (1928; trans. He was born to Jacques Danton and Mary Camus. Following King Louis XVI's unsuccessful flight in June 1791, Danton was among those who called for the creation of a republic, and his speeches were considered responsible for the popular agitation that culminated in the massacre of the Champ de Mars. Although his part in the overthrow of the monarchy by the insurrection of August 10, 1792, remains obscure, he was largely credited with its success.